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高考英語語法代詞詳解

代詞

高考對代詞的考查主要就是人稱代詞、物主代詞、反身代詞、指示代詞、不定代詞、疑問代詞與關系代詞等。設置特定的語境,對代詞的數、性、格的變化進行考查仍然就是高考的熱點。

Ⅰ代詞的分類

1、人稱代詞:主格I, we, you, he, she, it, they賓格me, us, you, him, her, it, them

2、物主代詞:形容詞性my, our, your, his, her, its, their名詞性mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, theirs

3、反身代詞:單數myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself復數ourselves, yourselves, themselves

4、相互代詞:each other (兩者之間相互);one another (兩者以上的相互)

5、指示代詞:this, that, these, those

6、疑問代詞:who, whom, whose, which, what

7、關系代詞:who, whom, whose, that(指人),which, that, as, whose(指物)

8、不定代詞:all, each, either, neither, both, none, other, another, something, everything, nothing somebody, everybody, nobody someone, everyone, no one, many, much, few, less

一、人稱代詞

單數復數

第一人稱

第二

人稱

第三

人稱

第一

人稱

第二

人稱

第三

人稱

人稱代詞

I you he,she,i

t

we you they

me you him,her

,it

us you them

人稱代詞的用法

1、人稱代詞的主格在句子中作主語或主語補足語。如:

John waited a while but eventually he went home、約翰等了一會兒,最后她回家了。

John hoped the passenger would be Mary and indeed it was she、

說明:在復合句中,如果主句與從句主語相同,代詞主語要用在從句中,名詞主語用在主句中。

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